The historic town of Srirangapattana lies 19 km from Mysore city, in the neighbouring district of Mandya. The entire town is enclosed by the river Kaveri to form a river island. It is a town of great religious, historical and cultural significance. The fort of Srirangapatnam was strategic to the rulers of Mysore state. While the fortress was witness to many historic battles, it is now in shambles and a victim of rampant encroachment.
The town takes its name from the celebrated Ranganathaswamy temple which is the star attraction of the town as Srirangapattana is one of the most important Vaishnavite centers of pilgrimage in south India. The temple was built by the Ganga dynasty rulers of the area in the 9th century; the structure was strengthened and improved upon architecturally some three centuries later. Thus, the temple is a medley of the Hoysala and Vijayanagar styles of temple architecture.
Jama Masjid or Masjid-E-Ala
The mosque is situated close to the Bangalore Gate of the fort and built by Tipu Sultan It is said that he performed the first imamath himself. The monument stands on a high basement with an open court, the basement housing a madrassa. There is an inscription mentioning the ninety-nine names of Allah and another records the date of its construction by Tipu in 1787 A.D. There is a sundial in the middle of the open court.
Two octogonal double storied minarets dotted with pigeon holes add to the grandeur of the entire monument. A flight of about 200 steps lead to the top of the minarets which offers a picturesque view of the Masjid and the surrounding area.
Tipu’s Death place